Lower back pain (lumbar back pain) is a condition that usually starts in the lower part of the spine. The lower back supports most of the body, so it’s prone to injury and pain.
Lower back pain can be caused by a variety of different factors. It often develops from an injury or strain to the back. It can also occur from sudden trauma, such as a car accident, or from a strenuous activity, such as moving furniture. Lower back pain can also develop from improper posture, excess weight, and even from wearing shoes that aren’t supportive. If you are experiencing constant lower back pain, it is important to contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Lower back pain can be caused by a variety of reasons, including:
- Bulging or ruptured discs
- Muscle strains
- Ligament injuries
- Slipped discs
- Herniated discs
- Spinal stenosis
- Spinal tumors
- Facet joints
- Spinal curvature
- Sports injuries
For minor back pain, patients tend to find relief with OTC pain relievers, cold compresses, and abdominal massages. For more serious back pain, patients need treatment from an expert.
There are various treatment options for lower back pain, depending on the cause. Your physician may recommend a combination of the following treatment options:
- Physical therapy
- Chiropractic care
For patients with lower back pain from slipped discs, spinal stenosis, or sciatica, non-surgical treatment options include physical therapy and medication.
For patients with ruptured discs, spinal stenosis, or sciatica, a laminectomy or spinal fusion may be recommended.
If your lower back pain is severe enough, spinal fusion surgery may be recommended. Spinal fusion surgery connects two or more vertebrae with surgical hardware, such as a titanium rod and screws. This surgery is invasive, irreversible, and typically reserved for patients with low back conditions that cannot be treated by more conservative means.
Your lower back surgery recovery period will depend on your level of mobility and health prior to surgery, the severity of your procedure, and many other factors. Typically, physical therapy is recommended to help patients regain mobility and strength after surgery.
Stretching and strengthening exercises for lower back pain can help restore flexibility, strength, and function to the lower back. They also help to reduce pain, inflammation, and muscle tension.
The core muscles of the abdomen and lower back help maintain posture and support the back. Strengthening and stretching these muscles can help relieve pain, strengthen the lower back, and help prevent future injury.
To learn more about the back pain treatment options at Florida Regional Pain Management, PA: Shonith Manohar, MD, call the office nearest you or make an appointment online today.